The Tonkawa Native American Tribe was living in the Llano area when the first Europeans arrived in the vicinity in 1535. Spanish explorer Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca led an expedition to explore the vast, uncharted region—later supplanted by the Apache Indians and in turn, they were displaced by the Comanche Indians. It wasn’t until the mid-1800s that settlers found the area. Until that time, the land was the West Texas Frontier-Indian Territory. The first European residents were brought here by the Adelsverein, a group of German noblemen organized to aid emigration to Texas.
Castell, Texas began in 1847 as a land grant settled by “German freethinkers.” It remains so today. As one of the last frontiers of real freedom, Castell remains simple, clean, and without any official government. It is a place where a person can make their destiny, without the fetters of a society gone to the bureaucrats. It is home to many generations of original pioneer stock-hardy, kind, independent, and fiercely protective of their rights and community ties.